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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (30 Dec. 2010 – 05 Jan. 2011)

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)

6-1-w1-2011.jpg

The occupational forces dropped dozens of bombs on Bil'in village near Ramallah


PCHR, January 6, 2011


Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continued Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

 

· IOF killed a Palestinian civilian at a military checkpoint in the West Bank.  

- 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded by Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF continued to fire at Palestinian workers, farmers and fishermen in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

- IOF arrested 4 Palestinian fishermen and confiscated their boat.

 

· Israeli warplanes attacked a number of targets in the Gaza Strip. 

- A number of training sites were bombarded and 6 houses were damaged.

 

· IOF continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

- A Palestinian woman was killed in Bil'ein village.

- 5 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were wounded.

- IOF arrested an Israeli journalist. 

 

· IOF conducted 30 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and a limited one into the Gaza Strip.  

- IOF arrested 28 Palestinian civilians, including a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council and 9 children.

 

· Israel has continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

 

· Israel has continued to take measures aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem.

- IOF demolished two houses in East Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

- IOF ordered the demolition of more Palestinian houses.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (30 December 2010 – 05 January 2011):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed two Palestinian civilians, including a woman, and wounded 5 others, including a child and a paramedic, in the West Bank. Three Palestinian civilians were also wounded by Israeli air strikes in the Gaza Strip.

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, a Palestinian woman was killed, and 5 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises. IOF also arrested an Israeli journalist.

 

Ms. Jawaher Ibrahim Ahmed Abu Rahma, 35, who extremely suffered from difficulties in breathing and fainted.  She was evacuated to Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah, but at approximately 09:30 on Saturday, 01 January 2011, she was pronounced dead. and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli soldiers.  IOF also arrested an Israeli journalist, Silan Dalal, 23.  

 

Medical sources in Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah, Abu Rahma died as a result of weakened performance of her respiratory apparatus due in inhalation much tear gas. In the same context, the Israeli daily Ha'aretz reported on Monday, 03 January 2011, that the Israeli military uses CS tear gas, which was first manufactured 50 years ago and was described as dangerous, to disperse Palestinian demonstrations. According to the newspaper, extensive research around the world proved that the gas is lethal. According to an Israeli doctor, Daniel Argo, who participates in organizations against the annexation wall, the gas causes extreme difficulties in breathing, and stresses that the Israeli military has continued to use it. Dr. Argo stated that the same gas killed the woman's brother, Bassem Abu Rahma, a year and a half ago, but the Israeli military denied responsibility for his death. The Israeli military claimed that Jawaher Abu Rahma died because of various health problems she was suffering from.

 

On 02 January 2011, Israeli soldiers positioned at al-Hamra checkpoint, east of Tubas, shot dead a Palestinian civilian. They claimed that he attempted to stab a soldier, but an Israeli radio reported according to military sources that the victim was unarmed and that he was carrying a beverage bottle. The radio reported that "initial investigations conducted by the Israeli military revealed that the man was not carrying any tool that might hurt soldiers, his behavior did not reflect any terrorist intention and he was not a member of any terror organization.

During the reporting period, Israeli warplanes attacked a number of targets in the Gaza Strip. They bombarded site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas). The site were heavily damaged and 6 houses were damaged. IOF also bombarded tunnels along the Egyptian border south of Rafah. Three Palestinian civilians were also wounded.  

 

IOF also arrested 6 Palestinian fishermen and confiscated their boat opposite to Gaza beach.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 30 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 28 Palestinian civilians, including a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council and 9 children.

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted one limited incursion, during which they leveled areas of Palestinian land, which they had already razed.

 

Restrictions on Movement:

 

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem: 

 

IOF have continued to take measures at creating a Jewish majority in Jerusalem.

 

During the reporting period, IOF demolished two houses in East Jerusalem, claiming that they were built without licenses.

 

Settlement Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 30 December 2010, IOF handed notices to Palestinian civilians in the southeast of Yatta town, south of Hebron, ordering the dismantlement of 5 tents to the west of "Sousia" settlement. These orders coincided with attempts by Israeli settlers to seize large areas of Palestinian land near the settlement.

 

On 02 January 2011, a number of Israeli settlers from "Rafafa" settlement, north of Salfit, attempted to attack a number of Palestinian farmers who went to their agricultural lands, which were razed by IOF. 

 

On 03 January 2011, IOF moved into Arab al-Zayed area to the north of Jericho. They handed 15 notices to Palestinian civilians ordering the demolition of a number of houses and a mosque, claiming that they were built without licenses. The affected property is located nearly one kilometer away from "Miva'ot" settlement. IOF threatened to implement the order this month and requested the affected civilians to refer to the Israeli military liaison.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (30 December 2010 – 05 January 2011)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 30 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta town, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Khalil Mousa Reb'ei, 50, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) from the Change and Reform Bloc affiliated to Hamas, and arrested him. Reb'ei was released from Israeli jails 13 months ago after 40 months of detention. Thus, the number of PLC Members arrested by IOF in less than 3 months has mounted to 5. 

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Barta'a village, southwest of Jenin. They raided a shop belonging to Tha'er Sa'diya, from Jenin, and confiscated large amounts of fireworks. They also arrested two workers: Mohammed Fu'ad Abu Shqair, 24; and Mohammed Ibrahim Zayoud, 24.

 

· At approximately 03:50, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ibrahim 'Ali al-Da'ma, 23, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Shwaika suburb, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ma'awia Ahmed Shurafa, 25, and arrested him. They then raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Ahmed Salah, 25, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 17:30, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, west of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 31 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. 'Imad Hafez al-Rajabi, 46;
  2. 'Abdullah 'Imad al-Rajabi, 23;
  3. Mohammed Yousef Abu al-Halawa, 25; and
  4. Nour al-Din 'Imad al-Rajabi, 22.

 

Sunday, 02 January 2011

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Manya village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Mohammed 'Ali Kawazba, 15;
  2. Mohammed Jamal Kawazba, 16; and
  3. Mohammed Ra'ed al-'Orouj, 14.

 

· At approximately 01:55, IOF moved into Bedya village, west of Salfit. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Islam Mohammed Shatat, 21, and summoned him for interrogation. Shatat was released from Israeli jails one month ago.

 

· At approximately 02:00, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in Mas'oud Street in Jabalya refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip. Two rooms in the site were destroyed and 4 nearby houses and a tract of agricultural land were damaged. Additionally, Ahmed Mohamme Mansours, 48, was injured by fragments of glass in the head when he was inside his house. 

 

· At approximately 02:10, an Israeli helicopter gunship fired a missile at a barrack in the northeast of al-Nussairat refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. As a result, Tha'er 'Awni Jad al-Haq, 23, was wounded by shrapnel to the head. Additionally, two nearby houses belonging to 'Awni Sa'id 'Abdul Haq and Jamal 'Abdul Karim al-Ghefari were damaged.

 

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Yatta town, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed Salem Meghnem, but no arrests were reported.

 

· In the morning, Israeli soldiers positioned at al-Hamra checkpoint, east of Tubas, shot dead a Palestinian civilian. They claimed that he attempted to stab a soldier, but an Israeli radio reported according to military sources that the victim was unarmed and that he was carrying a beverage bottle. The radio reported that "initial investigations conducted by the Israeli military revealed that the man was not carrying any tool that might hurt soldiers, his behavior did not reflect any terrorist intention and he was not a member of any terror organization. 

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, in the morning, Ahmed Mahmoud Mohammed Daraghma, 25, from Tubas, arrived at al-Hamra checkpoint southeast of the town, on his way to his work. At approximately 07:45, he moved towards the checking room, and there a female Israeli soldier shouted on him. Immediately, an Israeli soldier stationed on an observation tower in the area fired at Daraghma, wounding him with a bullet to the leg. Another Israeli soldier in the area also fired at Daraghma, killing him with a bullet to the heart.

 

In his testimony to PCHR, an eyewitness, 'Othman Ahmed al-Maslamani, 25, from Tubas, stated: 

 

"At approximately 07:45 on Sunday, 02 January 2011, I crossed a checking area on the pedestrian route at al-Hamra checkpoint towards my work in Jericho. Ahmed Mahmoud Mohammed Daraghma, 25, was behind me. While he was crossing the checking area, I saw him carrying a bottle of orange juice. When he got close to the checking area, a female Israeli soldier shouted on him and he moved back. Soon after, I saw an Israeli soldier stationed on an observation tower at the checkpoint, nearly 150 meters away from the checking area, firing at Daraghma and wounding him with a bullet to the leg. However, an Israeli soldier, who was nearly 30 meters away fired a number of bullets at Daraghma, killing him. After coming this crime, the soldiers drove people several meters away from the checkpoint and closed it for more than 75 minutes. During the closure, a number of Israeli soldiers checked Daraghma's body before delivering him to a Palestinian ambulance. "

 

· At approximately 09:55, IOF moved into Jayous village, north of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported. 

 

· At approximately 11:35, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 11:50, IOF moved into Zibda village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 18:30, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, west of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 20:20, IOF moved into al-Fundoq village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 03 January 2011

 

· At approximately 00:05, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Jaba' village, south of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Salim Salatna, 46, and arrested him. They also confiscated some contents of the house.

 

· At approximately 07:00, IOF moved nearly 500 meters into the east of Khuza'a village, east of the southern Gaza Strip town of Khan Yunis. The opened fired and leveled areas of Palestinian land. Two schools in the area were evacuated at 10:00 in order to protect children from the Israeli gunfire. 

 

· At approximately 09:25, IOF moved into Hijja village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets and photographed a number of houses. They withdrew later and no house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:50, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets. They stopped a number of passing Palestinian civilians and summoned them for interrogation. IOF withdrew from the village at approximately 11:15 and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into al-Zababda village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets and interrogated a number of Palestinian civilians. They withdrew later and no house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:10, IOF moved into Kufor al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 12:00, IOF moved into Wad Bourqin village, south of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 13:30, Israeli soldiers moved into Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, and patrolled in the streets. A number of Palestinian children threw stones at the soldiers. Immediately, the soldiers fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the children. They also arrested Majd Taha al-Tamimi, 16, when he was near his house. The child was released at 20:00.

 

· At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Brouqin village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No house raids or arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 04 January 2011

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Madama village, south of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians, including two children:

 

  1. Tha'er Yousef Nassar, 21;
  2. Sari Tayeb Faraj, 19;
  3. 'Emayar 'Abbas Nassar, 25;
  4. Mohammed 'Awadh Qit, 27;
  5. Mohammed Rizq Nassar, 16;
  6. Jihad Mohammed Nassr, 16; and
  7. Hussam 'Ali Nassr, 29. 

 

· At approximately 08:30, Israeli naval troops arrested 4 Palestinian fishermen who were on board of a fishing boat that was sailing nearly 4 kilometers away from Gaza beach. They also confiscated the boat. The fishermen were released at approximately 20:00. They are:

 

  1. Mohammed 'Abdul Qader Baker;
  2. Ziad Mohammed Baker, 25;
  3. Mohammed Mahmoud Baker. 28; and
  4. Ra'ef Nabeel Baker, 25.

 

· At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into the agricultural area to the south of Ya'bad village, southwest of Jenin. They searched the area and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 16:40, IOF moved into al-Ras village, south of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. 'Essam 'Abdul 'Aziz Majdoub, 42, from al-Ras village;
  2. Suhaib 'Azmi Saleh, 21, from Shoufa village; and
  3. Mohammed Lutfi Rajab, 28, from Kufor al-Labad village.

 

· At approximately 22:00, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at a training site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam (the armed wing of Hamas) in the west of the central Gaza Strip town of Deir al-Balah. A room and a kitchen were destroyed, but no casualties were reported. 

 

· At approximately 22:30, Israeli warplanes bombarded a tunnel on the Egyptian border near Block "J" in the southern Gaza Strip town of Rafah. The tunnel was destroyed, an a worker, 'Abdul Salam Mohammed al-Ghalban, 35, from Khan Yunis, was injured. 

 

Wednesday, 05 January 2011

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Taqqou' village. Southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian children:

 

  1. Hamza Jaber Kawazba, 17; and
  2. Ahmed Jaber Kawazba, 15.

 

· At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into Deir al-'Assal village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ghassan 'Abdullah al-Shawamri, 16.

 

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, a Palestinian woman was killed due to tear gas inhalation, and 5 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a paramedic, were wounded. Dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises.  Additionally, IOF arrested an Israeli journalist.   

   

· Following the Friday Prayer on 31 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil'ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the construction of the annexation wall. The demonstrators included: Dr. Salam Fayad, Palestinian Prime Minister; Jamal Zaqqout, Advisor of the Palestinian Prime Minister; Sultan Abu al-'Ainain, Member of Fatah Central Committee; Qais Abu Leila, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC); Khaleda Jarrar, PLC Member; Dr. Wassel Abu Yousef, Secretary General of Palestine Liberation Front (PLF); Hisham Abu Raya, Member of the PLF Political Bureau; Ramzi Rabah, Member of the Political Bureau of Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine; and other national activists.  They moved towards the annexation wall.  Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were wounded:

 

1. Hammad Hosni 'Aassi, 46, hit by a tear gas canister to the face;

2. 'Ali Saleh al-Khatib, 19, hit by a tear gas canister to the right shoulder; and

3. Suleiman 'Ali Khattab, 19, hit by a tear gas canister to the chest. 

 

Additionally, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, including Ms. Jawaher Ibrahim Ahmed Abu Rahma, 35, who extremely suffered from difficulties in breathing and fainted.  She was evacuated to Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah, but at approximately 09:30 on Saturday, 01 January 2011, she was pronounced dead. and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli soldiers.  IOF also arrested an Israeli journalist, Silan Dalal, 23.  

 

Medical sources in Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah, Abu Rahma died as a result of weakened performance of her respiratory apparatus due in inhalation much tear gas. In the same context, the Israeli daily Ha'aretz reported on Monday, 03 January 2011, that the Israeli military uses CS tear gas, which was first manufactured 50 years ago and was described as dangerous, to disperse Palestinian demonstrations. According to the newspaper, extensive research around the world proved that the gas is lethal. According to an Israeli doctor, Daniel Argo, who participates in organizations against the annexation wall, the gas causes extreme difficulties in breathing, and stresses that the Israeli military has continued to use it. Dr. Argo stated that the same gas killed the woman's brother, Bassem Abu Rahma, a year and a half ago, but the Israeli military denied responsibility for his death. The Israeli military claimed that Jawaher Abu Rahma died because of various health problems she was suffering from.

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 31 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ne'lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the annexation wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, dozens of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others sustained bruises. 

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 31 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in commemoration of the late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, and in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a paramedic and a child were wounded:

 

1. Nariman Mohammed al-Tamimi, 28, hit by a tear gas canister to the right foot; and

2. Islam Saleh al-Tamimi, 14, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the right foot.

 

A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others. 

 

3. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June 2010, the Egyptian authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border in both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were allowed to travel through it.

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

29 December 2010 – 04 January 2011

 

Date

Details

29 December 2010

297 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 208 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

30 December 2010

313 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 261 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

31 December 2010

Closed.

01 January 2011

Closed.

02 January 2011

281 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 458 others and 108 internationals of the Asia Convoy were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

03 January 2011

250 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 405 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

04 January 2011

214 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 248 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

29 December 2010 – 04 January 2011

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

29 December 2010

Foodstuffs

764

 

Agricultural materials

257

 

Various goods

1,720

 

Humanitarian aids

219

 

Cooking gas

91.030

 

Industrial fuel

 

163,498

30 December 2010

Foodstuffs

784

 

Agricultural materials

351

 

Various goods

1,492

 

Humanitarian aids

296

 

Industrial fuel

 

298,469

02 January 2011

Foodstuffs

692

 

Agricultural materials

218

 

Various goods

1,586

 

Cooking gas

159.680

 

Industrial fuel

 

179,988

03 January 2011

Foodstuffs

673

 

Agricultural materials

193

 

Various goods

1,041

 

Humanitarian aids

30

 

Cooking gas

155

 

Industrial fuel

 

180,000

04 January 2011

Foodstuffs

1,130

 

Agricultural materials

157

 

Various goods

1,019

 

Humanitarian aids

714

 

Cooking gas

114

 

Industrial fuel

 

179,990

 

Exports through Karm Abu Salem Crossing:

 

On Wednesday, 29 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 154,720 flowers and 6 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Thursday, 30 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 13.4 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Sunday, 02 January 2011, IOF allowed the export of 134,000 flowers and 19.5 tons of strawberries.

 

On Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF allowed the export of 7 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Tuesday, 04 January 2011, IOF allowed the export of 168,700 flowers and 8.4 tons of strawberries.

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During the reporting period, IOF partially opened the crossing on Monday, 03 January 2011, and allowed the entry of 2,301 tons of wheat, and 4,680 tons of fodders.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

29 December 2010 – 04 January 2011

 

Date

29 December

30 December

31  December

01 January 2011

02 January 2011

03 January 2011

04 January 2011

Patients

30

18

Nil

Nil

34

29

32

Companions

30

15

Nil

Nil

30

27

30

Arabs from Israel

14

6

28

Nil

31

12

1

Diplomats

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

International Journalists

1

2

1

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

International Workers

10

14

1

Nil

3

14

9

Travelers abroad

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

3

Business People

27

62

Nil

Nil

61

65

51

Economic Meetings

4

Nil

Nil

Nil

7

5

Nil

Security Interviews

1

4

Nil

Nil

Nil

3

Nil

VIP's

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

2

1

Nil

Nil

1

1

1

Ambulances from Israel

3

2

1

Nil

2

2

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.      

 

· Hebron:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Friday noon, 24 December 2010, IOF closed alls northern and eastern entrance to Hebron and the nearby Halhoul town. The closure continued until the following day evening, during which time IOF stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.   On Monday noon, 27 December 2010, IOF established a number of checkpoints on roads around Hebron. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba' and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged checks of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF established a number of temporary checkpoints, and stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:00 on Friday, 31 December 2010, IOF re-established their presence at 'Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:30 on Saturday, 01 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 19:50 on Saturday, 01 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at Ematin intersection, northeast of Qalqilya.  On Sunday, 02 January 2011, IOF established 5 checkpoints around Qalqilya. On Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF established 4 checkpoints around Qalqilya. Israeli soldiers stationed at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.   

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 30 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 01 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Jaroushiya village, north of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:15 on Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near the northern entrance of Beit Leed village at Tulkarm-Nablus road, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At the same time, Israeli soldiers positioned at Ennab checkpoint on the same road imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 05 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint near Far'oun intersection, south of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 17:00 on Thursday, 30 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on Deir Abu Da'if-Deir Ghazala road, east of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 17:00 on Sunday, 02 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint on the road linking al-Zababda village with the Arab American University, southeast of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:15 on Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Zabbouba village, west of Jenin.  They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:30 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Kfair village, southeast of Jenin. At approximately 12:00, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Seilat al-Harthiya village, northwest of Jenin. At approximately 13:00, IOF established a checkpoint near Haddad tourist village, southeast of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 04 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at Rummana intersection, northwest of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.  

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it.  At approximately 20:30 on Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF established a checkpoint on Brouqin-Qarawat Bani Zaid road, south of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 20:40 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Kufor al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 19:00 on Thursday, 30 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Ein al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

4. Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem

 

Israel has recently escalated arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem in order to force them to leave the city. PCHR has devoted this section in the Weekly Report to highlighting violations of human rights perpetrated by IOF against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem.

 

· At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF, accompanied by a bulldozer of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem, moved into Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in East Jerusalem. The surrounded a 100-square-meter house belonging to Nasser Siam. Only a child was inside the house. IOF took the child out and demolished the house, claiming that it was built without a license. According to the owner, the family submitted 4 applications to license the house, but the Israeli municipality rejected them. It also confiscated two donums[1] of land belonging to the family. In 2004, an Israeli court ordered the demolition of the house, but the family appealed the order and it was halted. However, in 2010, the court issued a final ruling ordering the demolition of the house. 

 

· At approximately 04:00 on Tuesday, 04 January 2011, IOF, accompanied by officials of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem and a bulldozer, moved into Beit Hanina village, north of Jerusalem. They surrounded a 55-square-meter, two-storey house belonging to Nayef Is'haq 'Owaida. They forced the family out and demolished the house. According to the owner, the family applied for a license, but the municipality rejected it. An Israeli court ordered the demolition of the house, but the family appealed the order. However, the municipality demolished the house. It is worth noting that IOF had already demolished two houses belonging to the family.

 

5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· On Thursday, 30 December 2010, IOF handed notices to Palestinian civilians in the southeast of Yatta town, south of Hebron, ordering the dismantlement of 5 tents to the west of "Sousia" settlement. These tents belong to: 'Eissa Hussein al-Jbour; Mahmoud Ahmed al-Jbour; 'Eissa Badawi al-Jbour; 'Omar Badawi al-Jbour; and Mohammed Hussein al-Jbour. These orders coincided with attempts by Israeli settlers to seize large areas of Palestinian land near the settlement.

 

· On Sunday morning, 02 January 2011, a number of Israeli settlers from "Rafafa" settlement, north of Salfit, attempted to attack a number of Palestinian farmers who went to their agricultural lands, which were razed by IOF. 

 

Mr. Nazmi Salman, Mayor of Deir Estia, stated to PCHR that:

 

"At approximately 10:30 on Sunday, 02 January 2010, a number of farmers from the village and I went to lands located near 'Rafafa' settlement to document the damages incurred to the area by IOF, as we were requested to do that following taking legal action. When we arrived there, a number of guards of the settlement surrounded us and called IOF. Israeli soldiers who arrived at the area took our identity cards and confiscated a camera that we were using. They detained us for more than 3 hours. When we were released, Israeli soldiers ordered one of us, 'Aayed al-Manshi, to refer to the Israeli intelligence on Wednesday, 05 January 2011."

 

· At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 03 January 2011, IOF moved into Arab al-Zayed area to the north of Jericho. They handed 15 notices to Palestinian civilians ordering the demolition of a number of houses and a mosque, claiming that they were built without licenses. The affected property is located nearly one kilometer away from "Miva'ot" settlement. IOF threatened to implement the order this month and requested the affected civilians to refer to the Israeli military liaison.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).

 



[1] One donum is equal to 1,000 square meters. 



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