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Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (09 – 15 December. 2010)

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)

17-49w49.jpg

IOF Continue to Construct Settlements on Abu Ghonaim Mountain, Southern Jerusalem


PCHR, December 17, 2010

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

 

- Two Palestinians were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

 

- Two Palestinian children were killed by the explosion of an object left by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

 

- Two activists of the Palestinian resistance were wounded by flechette shells fired by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

 

- IOF continued to fire at Palestinian workers, farmers and fishermen in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

- 12 Palestinian workers and one farmer were wounded.

 

- A Palestinian civilian was wounded by Israeli gunfire in al-'Eissawiya village near Jerusalem.

 

- IOF continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

- Two Palestinian civilians were wounded.

- IOF arrested 3 international human rights defenders. 

 

- IOF conducted 25 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

- IOF arrested 15 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

 

- Israeli warplanes attacked a number of civilian targets in the Gaza Strip. 

- A house and a water well were damaged in al-Mughraqa village in the central Gaza Strip.

- A paramilitary site was destroyed and two schools were heavily damaged in Gaza City.

 

- Israel has continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

- Israeli soldiers at military checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 6 Palestinian civilians, including former Palestinian Minister of Prisoners' Affairs.

 

- Israel has continued to take measures aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem.

- IOF demolished two houses in Jerusalem.

 

- IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

- IOF destroyed 6 water wells south of Hebron.

- Israeli settlers poured waste water onto a school in 'Azzoun-'Atma village.

 

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (09 – 15 December 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed two Palestinians, while two children were killed by the explosion of a projectile left by IOF in the Gaza Strip. Additionally, 15 Palestinians, including 3 children, were wounded by IOF in the Gaza Strip, and another two ones were wounded in the West Bank.

 

On 11 December 2010, IOF killed two Palestinians near the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of al-Boreij refugee camp. Palestinian medical crews were not allow to evacuate the bodies for two days.

 

On 10 December 2010, two Palestinian children were killed in al-Shuja'iya neighborhood in Gaza City by the explosion of a projectile left by IOF.

 

On 13 December 2010, two activists of the Palestinian resistance were wounded by shrapnel from flechette shells fired by IOF in the northern Gaza Strip. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF fired at Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials. As a result, 12 workers, including two children, were wounded by Israeli gunfire. 

 

On 10 December 2010, a Palestinian farmer was wounded by Israeli gunfire in the southern Gaza Strip. 

 

During the reporting period, Israeli warplanes attacked a number of targets in the Gaza Strip. As a result, a paramilitary site was destroyed and two schools were heavily damaged in Gaza City, and a house and a water well were damaged in al-Mughraqa village in the central Gaza Strip.

 

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, two Palestinian civilians were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises.   IOF also arrested 3 international human rights defenders.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 35 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 15 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

 

Restrictions on Movement:

 

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem: 

 

IOF have continued to take measures at creating a Jewish majority in Jerusalem.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli occupation authorities demolished two under-construction houses in East Jerusalem, claiming that they were being built without licenses.

 

Settlement Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 09 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers, escorted by IOF, broke into Kufol Hares village, north of Salfit, allegedly to perform religious rituals. When they were on their way from Joshua Tomb to Zulkifl Tomb, they attacked a Palestinian civilian vehicle.

 

On 09 December 2010, waste water flowed from "Sha'ari Tikva" settlement to the east of 'Azzoun 'Atma village, southeast of Qalqilya, onto the yards and playgrounds of 'Azzoun-Beit Amin Secondary School. 

 

On 13 December 2010, at least 15 Israeli settlers from "Sousa" settlement, south of Hebron, including a number of armed ones, attacked residences of 4 Palestinian families counting at least 70 individuals. They used stones and sticks to attack Palestinian civilians. As a result, a Palestinian civilian was injured.

 

On 14 December 2010, IOF destroyed 6 water wells in Um al-Daraj village, southeast of Hebron, claiming that they were established without licenses. These wells used to provide drinking water for sheep. They belonging to the families of Sarai'a and Hathalin. The destruction of these wells came in the context of efforts to force Palestinian civilians living in the area to leave it.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (09 – 15 December 2010)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 09 December 2010

 

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Kufol Hares village, northwest of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets and arrested Jalal Mahmoud Abu Ya'qoub, 35.

 

· At approximately 02:40, Israeli warplanes fired 4 missiles, 3 of which hit an under-construction house, a water well and a site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas), in al-Mughraqa village in the central Gaza Strip. The fourth missile landed at the entrance of the village, nearly 50 meters away from a police station. The house and the well, which belong to 'Abed Rabbu 'Awad 'Obaid, and the site were damaged. Electricity was also cut from large parts of the central Gaza Strip. No casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 02:50, an Israeli warplane fired a missile at Tunisia site of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas) in al-Dabba area in al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the south of Gaza City. The site was destroyed and a number of nearby schools were heavily damaged. No casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 05:30, IOF moved into Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. They raided two houses belonging to the families of Ahmed Yousef 'Assas, 37, and Tayseer Mahmoud Jaber, 39, and arrested the two persons. It is worth noting that IOF arrested the two persons on 17 September 2010 and released them a few days before their latest detention.

 

· At approximately 07:30, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip fired at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, two workers were wounded:

 

  1. Sultan Sa'd Izma'il, 29, wounded by a bullet to the right leg; and
  2. Ahmed Sa'd Ghaben, 20, wounded by a bullet to the right thigh.

 

· At approximately 10:15, IOF moved into Jayous village, north of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Hijja village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:20, IOF moved into Salfit. They patrolled in the streets from some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Kufor Laqef village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Friday, 10 December 2010

 

· At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· In the early morning, IOF moved into town, southwest of Hebron. They raided, searched and damaged a number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. 'Abdullah Mohammed al-'Amaira, 22;
  2. Ra'fat Mohammed Rajoub, 20;
  3. 'Omar Mahmoud Rajoub, 20;
  4. Majdi Jaber Rajoub, 27; and
  5. 'Imad Ahmed Jadallah, 27. 

 

During the house raids, IOF forced Jadallah's wife, who had given birth in a caesarian operation 3 days earlier, and her baby to stay out in cold weather for nearly an hour.

 

· At approximately 07:55, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of the Bedouin village in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from Erez industrial zone. As a result, Hussam Tawfiq Abu Hashish, 19, was wounded by a bullet to the right thigh, when he was nearly 200 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. 

 

· At approximately 08:20, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Rasmi Ibrahim Ghaben, 16, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the right leg, when he was nearly 150 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. 

 

· At approximately 09:00, Israeli soldiers stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of the southern Gaza Strip of Khan Yunis opened fire at Palestinian agricultural areas in Khuza'a village, east of Khan Yunis. As a result, Nidal Hassan al-Najjar, 16, was wounded by a bullet to the right foot, when he was nearly 800 meters away from the border. 

 

· At approximately 09:00, Mo'men Nahidh Hilles, 16, and Muntasser 'Omar al-Batniji, 16, from al-Shuja'iya neighborhood in the east of Gaza City, were killed. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, the two children were on a tract of land belonging to 'Omar Hamed al-Batniji, nearly 2,000 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. Ayman al-Batniji, spokesman of the Palestinian police, stated to PCHR that the two children were killed when they played with a projectile of the remainders of IOF, which was covered by sand. The projectile exploded and killed the two children.

 

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into al-Naqoura village, northwest of Nablus. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported. 

 

· At approximately 11:55, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the northwest of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Suhaib Sami Ma'rouf, 16, was wounded by a bullet to the leg, when he was nearly 200 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 20:20, IOF moved into Hijja village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 20:55, IOF moved into Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 11 December 2010

 

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Magharet al-Dab'a village, south of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 00:10, IOF moved into Ras Teera village, south of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Naqoura village, northwest of Nablus. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 07:15, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. No casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:00, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of al-Boreij refugee camp fired a number of artillery shells at two Palestinians who got close to the border killing them. Soon, an Israeli military spokesman claimed that IOF killed two Palestinians who attempted to clash with them. Medical crews of Palestine Red Crescent Society went to the area to remove the bodies following coordination through the ICRC, but IOF prevented them from attending the bodies. Two days later, at approximately 15:00, IOF allowed medical crews to evacuate the bodies from the area. The two victims were identified as:

 

  1. Ussama Kamal Ghazi al-Nabahin, 20, from Nussairat refugee camp, a student in the police college in Gaza; and
  2. Jihad 'Izzat Ahmed al-Hour, a worker from Nussairat refugee camp.

 

· At approximately 10:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the northwest of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Mohammed Sa'id al-Debes, 26, from Jabalya town, was wounded by a bullet to the left leg, when he was nearly 250 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 11:20, Israeli soldiers positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun opened fire at Palestinian farmers who were on their lands. The framers fled from the area and no casualties were reported.

 

Sunday, 12 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Tayaseer village, east of Tubas. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported. 

 

· At approximately 08:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the northwest of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, 'Aziz 'Aayesh al-Sous, 34, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the left thigh, when he was nearly 200 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 10:40, IOF moved into Baqat al-Hatab village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:55, IOF moved into the area located between 'Azzoun and 'Assala villages, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched an animal farm. They withdrew from the area later and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 11:45, IOF moved into Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 13 December 2010

 

· At approximately 13:50, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northwest of the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Lahia fired a flechette shell at a number of activists of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas), who were in a mission near al-Wahah tourist resort to the northwest of Beit Lahia town. As a result, two activists were wounded by shrapnel. The flechette shell is an illegal anti-personnel weapon that is generally fired from a tank. The shell explodes in the air and releases thousands of metal darts 37.5 mm in length, which disperse in a conical arch three hundred meters long and about ninety meters wide. Since the beginning of the al-Aqsa intifada, IOF has used flechettes against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. A number of Palestinians were killed by such shells. 

 

· At approximately 23:55, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians – two children and the father of one of them:

 

  1. Ahmed Nidal Eslim, 17;
  2. As'ad Muhanna Mash'al, 16; and
  3. Muhanna Mash'al, 38.

 

Tuesday, 14 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Kamal Ahmed Abu Zahra, 23, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Bitounia town, west of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Khaled Mohammed Abu al-Baha, 37, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 08:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the northwest of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Mohammed Motei' Shkhaidem, 23, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the feet and shrapnel to the left hand, when he was nearly 90 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel.

 

· At approximately 10:50, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Nasser Jom'a Abu Warda, 29, from Jabalya town, was wounded by a bullet to the left leg, when he was nearly150 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. Two hours later, Israeli soldiers fired at workers in the same area again. As a result, Fadi Fareed Abu Hwaished, 18, from the Bedouin Village, was wounded by a bullet to the left leg, when he was nearly 100 meters away from the border.

 

· At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into al-'Ouja village, northeast of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 15 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Tammoun village, south of Tubas. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of 'Abdul Sattar Khaled Bani 'Ouda, 22, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 03:30, IOF moved into Ektaba suburb, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to Salah Mahmoud 'Alariya, 45, and arrested him

 

· At approximately 09:50, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers to the north of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting woods and scraps of construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Waleed Nasser Ma'rouf, 21, from Beit Lahia town, was wounded by a bullet to the left leg, when he was nearly150 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. 

 

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, two Palestinian civilians were wounded. Dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises. 

   

· Following the Friday Prayer on 10 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders, including Dr. Mustafa al-Barghouthi, Secretary-General of the Palestinian National Initiative; Moheeb 'Awad, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council; Hisham Abu Raya, member of the political bureau of Palestine Liberation Front; and Jamal Jom'a, Coordinator of the Public Committee against the Wall and Settlement in the West Bank, organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil'ein village, west of Ramallah, on the 23rd anniversary of the first Palestinian Intifada, International Human Rights Day and the first anniversary of the detention of 'Abdullah Abu Rahma, an activist against the construction of the annexation wall. They moved towards the annexation wall. Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, Mohammed Shawkat al-Khatib, 19, was hit by a tear gas canister to the right foot. A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli soldiers. Additionally, IOF arrested a German human rights defender, who has not been identified.

  

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 10 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ne'lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the Annexation Wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, dozens of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others sustained bruises.

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 10 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in commemoration of the late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, and in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others . IOF also arrested an Israeli human rights defender. They further turned the roof of a house belonging to 'Abdul Hafiz al-Tamimi into a military site until approximately 16:30.

 

· At approximately 12:00 on Friday, 10 December 2010, on the 43rd anniversary of the establishment of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the 23rd anniversary of the first Palestinian Intifada, dozens of Palestinian civilians and a number of international human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in the center of al-Ma'sara village, south of Bethlehem. The demonstrator moved towards areas of Palestinian agricultural land closed or threatened to be confiscated by IOF. When the demonstrators arrived at the western entrance of the village, dozens of Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. As a result, 8 demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

·  At approximately 11:30, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Beit Ummar town, north of Hebron, in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the establishment of a fence at the main road near the village. The demonstrators moved towards the eastern entrance of the village, where an Israeli military checkpoint and an observation tower stand. Immediately, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators. As a result, Saqer Sadiq Abu Maria, 38, was wounded by shrapnel from a sound bombs to the left hand, and a number of other demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation. Israeli soldiers also beat a number of demonstrators. Those demonstrators sustained bruises, including an American Human rights defender was later arrested by Israeli soldiers.

 

3. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June 2010, the Egyptian authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border in both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were allowed to travel through it.

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

08 – 14 December 2010

 

Date

Details

08 December 2010

389 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 274 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

09 December 2010

423 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 303 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

10 December 2010

One Palestinian and the body of a dead one were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

11 December 2010

5 Palestinians and the bodies of two dead ones were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

12 December 2010

399 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 311 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

13 December 2010

194 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 169 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

14 December 2010

274 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 241 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

08 – 14 December 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

08 December 2010

Foodstuffs

1,313

 

Agricultural materials

105

 

Various goods

1,660

 

Humanitarian aids

4

 

Cooking gas

138.990

 

Industrial fuel

 

315,000

09 December 2010

Foodstuffs

801

 

Agricultural materials

238

 

Various goods

1,200

 

Humanitarian aids

170

 

Cooking gas

113.150

 

Industrial fuel

 

360,017

12 December 2010

Foodstuffs

204

 

Agricultural materials

220

 

Various goods

149

 

Humanitarian aids

20

 

Cooking gas

91.720

 

Industrial fuel

 

229,009

13 December  2010

Foodstuffs

1,340

 

Agricultural materials

174

 

Various goods

1,539

 

Humanitarian aids

31

 

Cooking gas

114.850

 

Industrial Fuel

 

182,030

14 December 2010

Foodstuffs

741

 

Agricultural materials

159

 

Various goods

1,052

 

Humanitarian aids

195

 

Cooking gas

91.180

 

Industrial fuel

 

310,990

 

Exports through Karm Abu Salem Crossing:

 

On Wednesday, 08 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 36,000 flowers and 4.8 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Thursday, 09 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 15,000 flowers and 9 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Monday, 13 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 72,000 flowers and 19.7 tons of strawberries. 

 

On Tuesday, 14 December 2010, IOF allowed the export of 130,000 flowers.

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During the reporting period, IOF partially opened the crossing on Wednesday, 08 December 2010, and allowed the entry of 2,496 tons of wheat and 2,886 tons of fodders. They opened it again on Tuesday, 14 December 2010, and allowed the entry of 7,140 tons of construction aggregate.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

08 – 14 December 2010

 

Date

08 December

09 December

10  December

11 December

12 December

13 December

14 December

Patients

18

24

2

Nil

27

36

28

Companions

18

21

2

Nil

27

36

30

Palestinians from Israel

6

Nil

12

Nil

7

9

Nil

Diplomats

9

13

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

International Journalists

6

6

5

Nil

Nil

2

6

International Workers

34

98

21

Nil

18

31

17

Travelers abroad

Nil

3

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Business People

41

41

Nil

Nil

44

24

11

Economic Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

5

Security Interviews

4

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

5

Nil

VIP's

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

4

1

3

Ambulances from Israel

2

3

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

2

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.      

 

· Hebron:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Sunday noon, 12 December 2010, IOF established 3 checkpoint in various areas in Hebron. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Monday morning, 13 December 2010, IOF established a number of checkpoints to the south and southwest of Hebron. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba' and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged checks of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF established a number of temporary checkpoints, and stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 09 December 2010, IOF re-established their presence at 'Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 11 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint under Kharabtha al-Misbah Bridge, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 09:40 on Thursday, 09 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya. On Friday, 10 December 2010, IOF established 4 checkpoints around the town. Israeli soldiers positioned at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Saturday, 11 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint around Qalqilya. On Sunday, 12 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Ematin village, east of Qalqilya, and another one at Jeet intersection, east of the town. On Monday, 13 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Qalqilya, and another one at Kufor Laqef intersection, east of the town. Israeli soldiers stationed at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 14 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Beit Leed village on Tulkarm-Nablus road. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 16:00 on Wednesday, 15 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it.  At approximately 12:00 on Monday, 13 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Kufor al-Dik village, west of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.  

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:00 on Friday, 10 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Ein al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints

 

· On Friday morning, 10 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Barta'a checkpoints, southwest of Jenin, arrested Wasfi 'Izzat Qabaha, 51, former Palestinian Minister of Prisoners' Affairs. 

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 09:00 on Friday, Qabaha, his wife and their two daughters arrived at Barta'a checkpoint. They handed their identity cards to Israeli soldiers in order to be allowed to cross towards Eastern Barta'a village, which has been isolated by the annexation wall. Israeli soldiers allowed the wife and the two daughter to cross the checkpoint, but asked Qabaha to wait. Soon after, an Israeli soldier gave him a mobile phone in order to talk with an Israeli officer. Another soldier ordered Qabaha's wife and daughters to travel to Barta'a village, and informed them that a vehicle would come to transport Qabaha to Salem military post for an interview with an Israeli intelligence officer. Nearly 5 hours later, the family learnt that an ambulance transported Qabaha to an Israeli hospital as he suffers from diabetes. Qabaha's sister, who holds an Israeli identity card went to the hospital. She learnt that her brother had received medical treatment for two hours and then left the hospital.  It is worth noting that IOF raided Qabaha's house on Thursday morning, 28 October 2010, and informed him that he would be banned from entering his village, Eastern Barata'a, but they later allowed him to enter the village for 40 days following the death of his mother. 

 

· At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 10 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at al-Hamra checkpoint, southwest of Tubas, stopped a car in a wedding convoy. They forced Mahmoud Suleiman Qa'is, 25, from al-Mansoura village southwest of Jenin, to step down from the car. Following a debate between him and an Israeli soldier, he was detained. His brother, Hassan, 26, went to inquire about the reason of detaining his brother, but Israeli soldiers detained him too. The two brothers were then taken to an Israeli police station in "Ariel" settlement, where they were interrogated. They were released at approximately 02:00 on the following day.

 

· At approximately 08:00 on Saturday, 11 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Hawara checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested Ahmed Mahmoud Daraghma, 22, from Tubas.

 

· At approximately 12:00 on Saturday, 11 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Qalandya checkpoint, south of Ramallah, arrested Ahmed 'Abdul Rahman Bani 'Ouda, 26, from Tammoun village south of Tubas.

 

· At approximately 18:00 on Tuesday, 14 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, arrested Mohammed Jamal 'Abdul Hadi, 26.

 

Harassment at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 14:30 on Sunday, 12 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at a checkpoint in Janba area to the south of Yatta village, south of Hebron, stopped Badi' 'Abdullah al-Haddar, 49, when he was on his way back home from his work inside Israel. They handcuffed and detained him for two hours. They then violently beat him. When they released him, he was evacuated to a hospital.

 

4. Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem

 

Israel has recently escalated arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem in order to force them to leave the city. PCHR has devoted this section in the Weekly Report to highlighting violations of human rights perpetrated by IOF against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem.

 

· On Tuesday morning, 14 December 2010, IOF, accompanied by officials and bulldozers of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem, moved into Ras al-'Aamoud neighborhood in Silwan village south of the old town of Jerusalem. They demolished an 80-square-meter, under-construction house belonging to 'Abed Bahjat Dwaik. The family had started to build the house in the beginning of 2010. Two months ago, the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem handed a notice of demolition of the house, claiming that it was being built without a license. The family attempted through a lawyer to obtain a license, but the municipality was faster than legal procedures and demolished the house. Dwaik was not in the area when the house was being demolished. When he arrived the area, officials of the municipality informed him that he would be forced to pay the expenses of demolition – more than 30,000 NIS.

 

· Also on Tuesday morning, IOF, accompanied by bulldozers of the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem, moved into Jabal al-Za'qouq area in Sour Baher village. They demolished a 160-square-meter, under-construction house belonging to Samer Ibrahim 'Amira, claiming that it was being built without a license. The family did not receive any demolition notice.

 

· IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on al-'Eissawiya village in East Jerusalem. They have continued to stop and check Palestinian civilians at the entrances of the village.  On Wednesday morning, 15 December 2010, Israeli soldiers stopped a bus that was transporting Palestinian civilians, including students, from al-'Eissawiya village to the center of Jerusalem. Three soldiers get into the bust and verified the identity cards of passenger. They asked a 14-year-old child for his identity card and he told them that he is a minor. They asked him for his birth certificate, and he told them that it was at home that he was going to school. They attempted to pull him out of the bus to detain him. When he resisted, they attacked him and other children and sprayed hot gas on them. A number of children suffered from difficulties in breathing.

 

5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· At approximately 00:10 on Thursday, 09 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers, escorted by IOF, broke into Kufol Hares village, north of Salfit, allegedly to perform religious rituals. When they were on their way from Joshua Tomb to Zulkifl Tomb, they attacked a Palestinian civilian vehicle belonging to Ahmed 'Awadh Bouziya. In his testimony to PCHR, Bouziya said:

 

"At approximately 00:30 on Thursday, 29 December 2010, I parked my car near my house as usual and entered the house. We learnt that the settlers came to the village to perform religious rituals, but I did not expect anything. At approximately 07:00, I got out of the house to find that my car was heavily damaged by the settlers when they were on their way from Joshua Tomb to Zulkifl Tomb. I paid 500 NIS to repair my car."

 

· On Thursday morning, 09 December 2010, waste water flowed from "Sha'ari Tikva" settlement to the east of 'Azzoun 'Atma village, southeast of Qalqilya, onto the yards and playgrounds of 'Azzoun-Beit Amin Secondary School. The head of the local council of the village stated that waste water covered the yards and playgrounds of the school, stressing that this problem recurs almost every month, which caused health problems. He added that he informed the Palestinian liaison department and the ICRC in order to intervene to solve this problem, but it has not be solved.

 

· On Monday afternoon, 13 December 2010, at least 15 Israeli settlers from "Sousa" settlement, south of Hebron, including a number of armed ones, attacked residences of 4 Palestinian families counting at least 70 individuals. They used stones and sticks to attack Palestinian civilians. As a result, Ibrahim Isma'il al-Nawaj'a, 48, was injured in the neck, and sustained bruises throughout the body.

 

· On Tuesday morning, 14 December 2010, IOF destroyed 6 water wells in Um al-Daraj village, southeast of Hebron, claiming that they were established without licenses. Two of these wells were established in the 1950s, whereas the others were established 4 years ago. These wells used to provide drinking water for sheep. They belonging to the families of Sarai'a and Hathalin. The destruction of these wells came in the context of efforts to force Palestinian civilians living in the area to leave it.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( pchr@pchrgaza.org This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).

 


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